Verbal nouns. Participles. Gerunds.
All end with -ing.
What's the difference between them? I've read some material and still haven't figured that shit out.
The *reading* room was big. - Gerund? The room does not read, but people in it do.
The *reading* man raped a loud visitor. - Participle? The man reads.
The listeners could not understand his *reading* of the book. - Verbal noun?
The woman was *reading* a paper. - Participle?
"Some psychiatric facilities have characteristics of prisons, especially when confining patients who have committed a crime and are considered dangerous."
Confining - Gerund?
Are considered - Participle II?