The argument was 99% of actual JOBS being automated, not whatever you mean by "computation". For example, in the UK there are lots of factory work that could easily be automated, but the unemployment would skyrocket causing huge imbalance in the quality of life for those who aren't educated enough to do anything else.
What you're describing works both ways. The reason government tries to help out corporations and businesses as much as possible is because ultimately it's good for the country's economy. It creates jobs for people and brings in tax money.
In regard to your second post, you'd be surprised how many multi-billion dollar companies operate on a loss. If I recall correctly, it took Amazon several years to become profitable. It's a long-term strategy. Most businesses nowdays are extremely competitive, so the profit margin has to be tiny. Getting hit with 100s of millions of dollars in fines, or even billions in Google's case, is definitely a pretty big deal for the business.