In 1935, France lifted its mandate over Syria and Lebanon. On November 9, 1936, France made a treaty with Syria and handed over all its rights to the Syrian government, including Iskenderun. Turkey rebuffed by satisfying this condition, he said Ankara Treaty and declared it a violation of the treaty did not recognize the revolution. He offered France a diplomatic settlement of the matter. France rejected this offer. However, shortly thereafter, he stated that he was open to negotiations and opened diplomatic channels. The totalitarian administrations in Germany and Italy threatened Europe in the change of attitude of France. France has begun to realize that Turkey's friendship is more important than Iskenderun. This development was reported that on October 9, 1936 by a note in the history of France Iskenderun, Turkey should be an independent state such as Syria and Lebanon. On this situation the issue was taken to the League of Nations. It was accepted that Iskenderun and Antakya were an independent state in the domestic community and an autonomous state connected to Syria in foreign affairs.
France League of Nations, Turkey showed the stability of the application slowing down the decision taken by the Hatay border troops. On this occasion, France was to withdraw the governor in Hatay and appointed a Turkish governor. Later, it was decided to jointly protect the territorial integrity and political status of the agreement between the two countries, and in this context Turkish military entered Hatay on 5 July 1938.
France and Turkey under the supervision of Hatay Assembly elections were held in August 1938. In September 1938, during the first meeting of the Sancak Assembly, he declared the Republic of Hatay. Meanwhile, he made a Nazi threat in Europe. France pull its troops left in Hatay region in Turkey. In this case, on the date of June 23, 1939 together with the Assembly of Hatay joined Turkey in a decision unanimously. A treaty was made with France the same day. France has accepted that depends on Turkey's Hatay.